About city

StanislauIvano-Frankivsk (Stanyslaviv, Stanislav, Stanislau, Stanislapoenisis) - is a free royal town situated between the two Bystrytsya Rivers - the Solotvynska and the Nadvirnyanska - at the foot-hill of the picturesque Carpathian mountains in the very heart of Galicia, not far from Galych - the ancient capital-city of Galicia and Volodymyriya principalities.

In 1662 a fortress appeared at the place of Zabolottya village between the two Bystrytsya Rivers. It was built by brave men at the expense of Andriy Pototsky, the owner of the land. The fortress was built in a form of pentagon with 5 bastions in each corner and it played a great role in defending Galicia from Tatar and Turkish raids. The construction of the fortress was carried out under the control of a French engineer Francois Corasini from Avinjon.

According to the official documents Stanislaviv was founded on the 7th of May 1662, when the fortress gained the Magdeburg's Right which made it possible for the three societies (Ukrainian-Polish, Jewish and Armenian) to create their own institutions of local government, i.e. to have independent authorities, court, town council.

The first buildings in the town were churches (Catholic, Armenian , Jewish church) built at the expense of the owners of the town.

In 1772 Galicia came to be under the Austrian Crown, the Austrian authority and traditions were established in Stanislaviv. The town council was under the control of regional authorities and the town became a regional center.

In 1827 the first public garden was opened (today it is Vichevy Maydan). It was named Kraterivka in honour of F. Kratter, those days' head of the town.

The rapid development of the town's life was caused by construction of Lviv-Chernivtsi railway (the first train arrived in Stanislaviv in 1866), opening of the first savings bank (1860) and establishment of governmental bodies. The center of agriculture, center of woodworking and oil industry united by the great number of bank establishments appeared in the town. Stanislaviv turned into an important economic center.

In 1894 the first telephone exchange for 12 subscribers was established.

In 1918 after the November armed uprising in Lviv, the Ukrainian National Rada took over authority in the town. The establishment of West - Ukrainian Republic was proclaimed in Galicia. Stanislaviv was a provisional capital of the country from the 1st of January till the 5th of May 1919.

Due to the intensive industrial development the economic potential of the town has grown considerably favouring urbanization of the town. There was a steep increase in population from 60 thousands in 1957 up to 230 thousands in 1989. New residential districts were built, different cultural institutions were established. During this period the town lake with the area of 40 hectares (1955), airport (1962), TV-relaying station (1965), new premises of the Drama Theatre (1980) came into being.

In 1962 the city was renamed in honour of the famous Ukrainian poet Ivan Franko and since then it has been called Ivano-Frankivsk.

Today Ivano-Frankivsk is one of 25 regional centers of Ukraine; it is administrative and cultural center. There are monuments erected to Taras Shevchenko (1952), Ivan Franko (1995), Adam Mitskevych (1898), Vasyl Stefanyk in the city.

At tourists' disposal there are 5 hotels, tourists' center 'Prycarpattya', a number of cafes and restaurants.

Ivano - Frankivsk is one of the most beautiful and attractive cities in Ukraine, a good place for studying, living, working and resting.